How a Caucus Works; Including Coin Toss

How a Caucus Works; Including Coin Toss

The past several months have been filled with unwelcome phone calls at unreasonable times, so many unwanted flyers on my door and in my mailbox and enough TV ads that I started to regret watching anything that wasn’t on the DVR.

What is a caucus and why am I getting so many flyers? -

Why all this nonsense? Preparation for the upcoming presidential election. Specifically, the Iowa Caucus.

This is my 8th presidential election but only the 5th time I’ve been able to caucus. (California, where we resided for a number of years, utilizes a primary system instead of a caucus.) Yet this year was my first time to attend. Why was this my first? Because… I have NO IDEA why I’ve never caucused before. Maybe I didn’t know how important it was. Maybe I was too busy. But most likely, I didn’t realize I could. Or for that matter, that I SHOULD. I never took the time to ask what it was or how it worked.

So what is a caucus, you ask? Let me tell you because I’m proud to say I actually know. At least NOW I do. I realize that it’s very important and everyone who will be voting age by the November election should participate. It’s the process by which voters indicate who they want to represent their party in the Presidential election.

Let’s take a step back to where it begins:

As you know, there isn’t just one person who wants to run for the office of President of the United States. There are many. In addition to any independent candidates on the November ballot, you’ll find only one for each of the major political parties. That doesn’t just happen by chance and it isn’t a decision randomly made by some committee somewhere. The caucus and primary processes are what decide who will be graced with the honor of representing the party.

In the year+ leading up to the November election, all the potential candidates present their platforms of what they believe in and they oppose then they set themselves apart from the others for why they are the ideal person to hold the most esteemed job in the country. They send out flyers, run television and radio ads, do interviews on talk shows and more. They participate in debates against other members of their own party to showcase their stuff. But people like getting up close and personal, asking questions and literally shaking the candidates’ hands. Votes have the opportunity to do so during rallies and small town hall meetups in the various states in advance of each caucus or primary.

Iowa happens to be the first state in the nation to start the process. What I find the most interesting is that the Republican party and Democratic parties each have different procedures for how they caucus. The one constant is that you MUST be registered with that party to participate. Forms are available on site to update the voter record.

What is a caucus and how does it work? -

For Republicans, voters attend the caucus location and separate into different rooms by district. Candidates are allowed 2 minutes to speak or have a representative speak on their behalf. If the candidate doesn’t have a designtated spokesperson, anyone can offer to speak for them. At the end of the presentations, attendees fill out a secret ballot with their selection and the ballots are collected. At this time, participants are allowed to leave if they choose. The votes are tallied and the vote totals are read out loud for everyone to hear.

While the process of representation and presentations is basically the same, the voting process is seriously different for Democrat caucus-goers. There isn’t a secret ballot. There are literally sections of the room designated for each candidate and participants physically move themselves to that area. If a candidate doesn’t have at least 15% of the total, voters in that section must select one of the remaining candidates. Each group is allowed to discuss and share why they are the better alternate option for those ‘re-voters’ and in one of our precincts, I heard one of the groups was offering cookies. Yes, food. Sounds wonky to me, but I guess all is fair in love and politics. The process repeats until a majority candidate is determined. In the unusual situation where there is a tie (with participants at a deadlock about switching sides), then a coin is flipped. That’s right… it’s an official caucus rule for Iowa Democrats. A toss of the coin is the final say in determining that precinct’s selection. This year, it happened in many precincts across the state. If I recall correctly, there were 3 in our metro area alone.

For the first time in my life, I attended and voted in a caucus. It had me energized to see the record numbers of people, many like myself attending for the first time. In some precincts, they ran out of ballots because the attendance was so high! I’m proud to have finally learned what a caucus is and hope you’ll do your civic duty, take advantage of a right that Americans take for granted. Participate in your state’s caucus or primary.

Have you ever wondered how a caucus works? Have you attended one before?


About Nicole

Founder and owner of, Nicole has been involved in social media marketing since 2007. She has partnered with a number of major corporations who utilized her skills to improve their social media outreach and online presence. Nicole has worked closely with brands such as Netflix, Nintendo, Domino's and Disney, has been featured in McDonald's videos as well as Maria Bailey's book "Power Moms". Always a SAHM (stay-at-home-mom) and mother of two amazing daughters, if you can't find Nicole, she is probably somewhere being an advocate for playing board games.

21 comments on «How a Caucus Works; Including Coin Toss»

  1. Erika says:

    It is so neat that you were able to attend the caucus! This is all so fascinating!

  2. I was just asking my husband the other day how this worked. It is a bit scary that a coin toss is involved, we are talking about a future president of the US.

  3. Jennifer says:

    This is such an important post. As the election race goes on, I’m noticing more and more that people really don’t know how a caucus works.

  4. I love that you shared this. I ran our local elections for 6 years and there are so many people who have no idea.

  5. Brittany says:

    I had to ask my husband a lot of questions about the most recent caucus! I understand it a lot more now, but this also helped with some questions I had.

  6. Idaintyit says:

    I can’t believe tossing a coin is involved! I don’t know anything about how it all works but that surprised me

  7. Don’t live in the states, so thank you for this explanation. I don’t think they do it like that here on this eenie meenie island.

  8. I have never been to a caucus and did not know what it was. I have only been a US citizen for about 5 years and I am still learning about how elections work here in the US. This was SO helpful! Thank you for explaining it in a way that was so easy to understand!

  9. Myah Duque says:

    I am so happy you wrote this post. I have never attended because I never took the time to find out! Super interesting!

  10. I have never attended a caucus before, but I have a secret love for politics, and I think it’s super cool that you went! It’s definitely shaping up to be an interesting election year, that’s for sure!

  11. Rebecca B. says:

    We don’t live a state that has a caucus and I had no idea how they worked. It is fascinating and I loved learning about the process.

  12. Michele says:

    I live in NY and have almost always voted in the primaries. I often wondered what a caucus was like and how it was different from a primary–now I know!! Thank you for this info (and I mean that sincerely).

  13. Tiffany Steadman-Collins says:

    I personally don’t follow politics as it all confuses me. But I love learning new things. Thanks for sharing:)

  14. Cynthia L says:

    Wow, you really explained this in a way I can understand. There are so many things about politics that I just don’t get. I generally just wait to see who the top two are and go from there. I will have to pay more attention to what is going on and this article helps me get there!

  15. maria @ closetohome says:

    While I don’t watch these that closely I think it would be amazing to see it in person. What a cool experience for you to be there in person.

  16. chastity says:

    What a great, informative post! I don’t usually watch them, but I’m sure it’s really neat to see it going on live.

  17. Kimberly says:

    You did a great job at explaining a caucus and how it works. I’ve never attended one but I would if I were really passionate about a specific candidate.

  18. Amanda says:

    I had no idea exactly what a caucus was. I am enjoying watching the debates! Thank you so much for explaining!

  19. I never knew what the difference was. We don’t have a caucus, we usually vote in the primaries. A coin toss? Cookies? Interesting…

  20. Jenn says:

    Wow! Super informative. I thought I knew how it worked but I learned a few things too. It’s so important to get out and vote. Happy to see you exercising your right!

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